Tuorla Observatory blazar monitoring

Optical light curves


Main characteristics


Data policy

The lightcurves shown on these pages are intended as a quick-look service for our monitoring group and for the MAGIC consortium. They are made public here to aid multiwavelength campaigns, which sometimes require quick response times. If you want to use some of the data for a publication, please do not extract the data from the images. Contact us and ask for the possibility of getting the data you need.

Data reduction procedure and intrepretation for ten (2002-2012) years of R-band monitoring data for 31 northern sky blazars are available at K. Nilsson et al. (2018, A&A, 620, 185). The main properties of the targets and observing log are available at: Strasbourg astronomical Data Center (CDS-Vizier)


Manuals and useful links

KVA Operation Manual (password protected)
KVA Maintenance Manual (password protected)
Coordinated observations (password protected)
Sunset and sunrise time
KVA twilights (La Palma local time)
NOT weather page
GTC Sky camera
Summary of weather information in ORM
Location of telescopes at ORM


Light curves

Updated Tue Apr 16 09:32:01 EEST 2019

FERMI bright targets (password protected)

TeV blazars and AGNs

Name Finding chart Lightcurve Obs epochs
(last 100 days)
Days since
last observation
1ES 0033+595 Find Mag Jy 68
S2 0109+22 Find Mag Jy 71
RGB 0136+391 Find Mag Jy 71
RGB 0214+517 Find Mag Jy 50
B2 0218+35 Find Mag Jy 70
3C 66A Find Mag Jy 39
1ES 0229+200 Find Mag Jy 44
NGC 1275 Find Mag Jy 31
HB89 0317+185 Find Mag Jy 31
1ES 0414+009 Find Mag Jy 33
1ES 0502+675 Find Mag Jy 12
TXS 0506+056 Find Mag Jy 24
VER 0521+211 Find Mag Jy 8
VER 0648+151 Find Mag Jy 2
1ES 0647+250 Find Mag Jy 2
RGB 0710+591 Find Mag Jy 7
S5 0716+714 Find Mag Jy 7
NVSS J073326+515355 Find Mag Jy 7
1ES 0806+524 Find Mag Jy 7
RGB 0847+115 Find Mag Jy 2
OJ 287 Find Mag Jy 4
S4 0954+65 Find Mag Jy 2
1ES 1011+496 Find Mag Jy 7
Mkn 421 Find Mag Jy 3
Mkn 180 Find Mag Jy 6
RGB 1136+676 Find Mag Jy 8
4C 29.45 Find Mag Jy 6
ON 325 Find Mag Jy 6
1ES 1218+304 Find Mag Jy 6
ON 231 Find Mag Jy 6
MS 1221.8+2452 Find Mag Jy 6
ON 238 Find Mag Jy 6
ON 246 Find Mag Jy 30
3C 279 Find Mag Jy 3
PG 1424+240 Find Mag Jy 0
1ES 1426+428 Find Mag Jy 0
1ES 1440+122 Find Mag Jy 0
PKS 1441+25 Find Mag Jy 7
PKS 1510-089 Find Mag Jy 2
AP Lib Find Mag Jy 3
TXS 1515-273 Find Mag Jy 3
PG 1553+113 Find Mag Jy 0
Mkn 501 Find Mag Jy 2
H 1722+119 Find Mag Jy 4
OT 546 Find Mag Jy 3
1ES 1741+196 Find Mag Jy 4
HB89 1749+096 Find Mag Jy 4
1ES 1959+650 Find Mag Jy 1
MG4 J200112+4352 Find Mag Jy 167
1ES 2037+521 Find Mag Jy 167
PKS 2155-304 Find Mag Jy 110
BL Lac Find Mag Jy 104
B3 2247+381 Find Mag Jy 94
1ES 2344+514 Find Mag Jy 94

Other blazars and AGN

Name Finding chart Lightcurve Obs epochs
(last 100 days)
Days since
last observation
1ES 0120+340 Find Mag Jy 76
MS 0158.5+0019 Find Mag Jy 76
B2 0234+28 Find Mag Jy 42
AO 0235+164 Find Mag Jy 62
1ES 0323+022 Find Mag Jy 38
3C 120 Find Mag Jy 38
PKS 0735+178 Find Mag Jy 6
B2 0806+35 Find Mag Jy 6
OJ 248 Find Mag Jy 6
0836+710 Find Mag Jy 6
RGB 1012+424 Find Mag Jy 6
1ES 1028+511 Find Mag Jy 7
RGB 1053+494 Find Mag Jy 7
RGB 1117+202 Find Mag Jy 6
3C 273 Find Mag Jy 6
PKS 1406-076 Find Mag Jy 8
RGB 1417+257 Find Mag Jy 8
1ES 1544+820 Find Mag Jy 7
B2 1633+38 Find Mag Jy 2
RGB 1719+177 Find Mag Jy 3
HB89 1721+343 Find Mag Jy 2
RGB 2042+244 Find Mag Jy 118
RGB J2232+117 Find Mag Jy 94
3C 454.3 Find Mag Jy 100

FERMI bright targets (password protected)

Background picture credit : Rami Rekola 2001