IN ORDER TO

 

a) Keyness

 

‘In order to’ was the fifty-fifth most significant key three-word cluster in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

55

IN ORDER TO

190

0.02

151

-

65.3

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: No groups identified.

 

 

Right: One group identified. The verbs following ‘in order to’ were quite diverse, but the members of the group all showed a positive goal, result or outcome of the action. Even seemingly negative phrases had a positive connotation, e.g. in order to + avoid: specifying how to pre-empt difficult situations (5 instances in the sample):

 

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 191 & %

example

positive goal, result or outcome

137 - 71.72%

in order to achieve a 25% increase

in order to allow maximum exploitation of the box

in order to continuously improve

in order to win business

in order to secure airline contracts

 

c) Clusters

 

6-word:

 

No clusters of frequency >=3.

 

5-word:

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

in order to provide the

4

2

in order to achieve a

3

3

in order to ensure that

3

4

in order to get the

3

5

in order to keep the

3

6

in order to make the

3

7

in order to update the

3

 

4-word:

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

in order to make

8

2

in order to achieve

7

3

in order to ensure

6

4

in order to keep

6

5

in order to avoid

5

6

in order to provide

5

7

but in order to

4

8

in order to allow

4

9

in order to compete

4

10

in order to determine

4

11

in order to get

4

12

in order to maintain

4

13

in order to obtain

4

14

order to provide the

4

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

e) Colligation

 

i) in order to + verb

191 instances - 100% of sample.

 

f) Associates

 

‘In order to’ was key in 5 files. The only associate of frequency > =5 was ‘in order to’ itself.

 

Comments

 

1. This cluster has an overwhelmingly positive semantic prosody. Over 70% of the examples are directly positive and the rest are neutral.