CONFIRM

 

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘confirm’ was the two hundred and seventy-third most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

Freq.

bec.lst %

Freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

273

CONFIRM

199

0.2

119

-

105.

0.00000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

n = 91

 

No clear groups identified, but see colligation section below.

 

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

to confirm that

8

2

to confirm the

8

3

confirm that the

7

4

can you confirm

6

5

I can confirm

4

6

pleased to confirm

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

e) Colligation

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (to confirm what you believe, suspect or fear)

3 instances - 3.29% of sample

Patterns: Verb-noun

They confirm people’s prejudices, Bill Morton can confirm the strength of the negotiating process.

 

COBUILD Sense 2 (to confirm something has been stated or suggested)

22 instances - 24.17% of sample

Patterns: Verb-noun/verb-that

he cannot confirm a Korean television report, Home Products of New Jersey confirm that they have been talking to ....

 

COBUILD Sense 3 (to confirm an arrangement or appointment)

Patterns: Verb/verb-noun

66 instances - 72.52% of sample

confirm all instructions, confirm our phone conversation, I can confirm that I will visit Cork.

 

Other patterns:

 

i) personal pronoun + confirm + that:

18 instances -  19.78% of sample

 

ii) verb + to + confirm/ verb + noun + to + confirm:

26 instances - 28.57% of sample

I am writing to confirm, requested engineers to confirm

 

f) Associates

 

The word ‘confirm’ was key in 4 files. No associates > =5 were found.