DEVELOP

 

a) Keyness

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

151

DEVELOP

472

0.05

365

0.02

170.5

0.000000

 

 

b) Semantic Prosody n = 195

 

No clear groups detected, though most of the ‘things’ that are to be developed are based around a business theme: develop exports, develop the products, develop the small professional team, develop this market.

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

to develop a

15

2

to develop and

9

3

to develop the

9

4

to develop their

6

5

continue to develop

5

6

develop the business

5

7

and develop the

4

8

develop and implement

4

9

is to develop

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

e) Colligation

 

The definitions here given by COBUILD were at some stages difficult to assign. Senses 4, 7 and 10 were identified and the rest were assigned to Sense 1. However, there were several examples, for example, develop the best managers in our industry, develop their careers, that would perhaps fit closest with Sense 7, but do not happily fit into any of the categories.

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (grows or changes over a period of time and usually becomes more advanced)

120 instances - 61.53% of sample

Patterns: Verb/verb-into-noun/

children should be encouraged to develop to their full potential

 

COBUILD Sense 4 (build and expand a business/industry)

17 instances - 8.71% of sample

Patterns: Verb (erg)/verb-noun/verb

the independent industry began to develop in earnest after ...

 

COBUILD Sense 7 (develop a skill, quality, or relationship)

36 instances - 18.46%

Patterns: Verb (erg)/verb-noun/verb

develop a close working relationship, develop bi-lateral trading links

 

COBUILD Sense 10 (develop a product)

22 instances - 11.28%

Patterns: Verb-noun

develop a range of video paper, develop new products

 

Other patterns:

 

i) develop + and + verb: Develop here collocates with very dynamic verbs.

22 instances - 11.28% of sample

develop and provide, develop and implement, develop and champion

 

ii) verb + and + develop/verb + noun + and + develop: Develop here again collocates with very dynamic verbs.

22 instances - 11.28% of sample

strengthen and develop, coordinate and develop, lead and develop

 

iii) verb + to + develop/verb + noun + to + develop

53 instances - 27.17% of sample

continue to develop, seeks to develop, work closely with customers to develop

 

iv) noun + to + develop

28 instances - 14.35% of sample

other medical professionals to develop, a superb opportunity to develop

 

f) Associates

 

The word ‘develop’ was key in 4 files. No associates of frequency > =5 were found.