EARNINGS

 

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘earnings’ was the one hundred and thirteenth most significant key word in the BEC Corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

113

EARNINGS

199

0.02

55

-

206.8

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: One small group identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 199 & %

example

time

16 - 8.04%

annual earnings

first-quarter earnings

weekly earnings

 

Right: Two groups identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 199 & %

example

increase

22- 11.05%

earnings growth

earnings sprint ahead

company yield

48 - 24.12%

earnings per share

earnings of $1.72 a share

 

Of these, 23 come from annual reports: 57.5% of the examples found in the sample.

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

earnings per share

40

2

diluted earnings per

9

3

fully diluted earnings

9

4

earnings in the

4

5

earnings of #

4

6

in the event

4

7

per share before

4

8

the event of

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

 

e) Colligation

 

Only 1 sense given in COBUILD (money earned - income)

100% of sample

Patterns: Plural noun

first quarter earnings

 

i) Commonly used in the noun phrase earnings per share  found in Annual Reports

 

ii) earnings + of:

5 instances - 2.52% of sample

first quarter earnings of 58 cents a share

estimated 1998 earnings of $8.25

 

 

f) Associates

 

N

WORD

NO. OF FILES

AS %

1

EARNINGS

13

100.00

2

COMPANY

8

61.54

3

MARKET

7

53.85

4

SHARE

7

53.85

5

BUSINESS

7

53.85

6

YEAR

6

46.15

7

BILLION

6

46.15

8

PERCENT

5

38.46

9

PROFIT

5

38.46

10

SHARES

5

38.46

11

CORPORATE

5

38.46

12

FINANCIAL

5

38.46

13

PER

5

38.46