FINANCIAL

 

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘financial’ was the eleventh most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

11

FINANCIAL

780

0.08

237

0.01

765.0

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: Only one real group identified here, but some instances of positive and negative words are included. The places group also included some examples of macro-level demarcation: international and global.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 780 & %

example

places

(where)

62 - 7.94%

Asia’s financial crisis

US-based financial services group

Japanese financial commentator

positive

12 - 1.53%

high quality financial advice

sophisticated financial planning

negative

10 - 1.28%

ailing financial industry

weak financial sector

 

Right: Six groups identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 780 & %

example

people/groups of people

71- 9.1%

financial advisers

financial analysts

financial controller

time

29 - 3.71%

(year - 27 / month - 2)

the financial year

the financial month

companies/institutions

67 - 8.46%

financial conglomerate

financial institutions

documents

64 - 7.82%

financial report

financial statement

negative

59 - 7.56%

financial meltdown

financial difficulties

financial mess

macro-level demarcation

77- 9.87%

financial sector

financial community

financial markets

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

of the financial

40

2

consolidated financial statements

24

3

the financial statements

19

4

cnn financial news

18

5

financial working group

15

6

in the financial

15

7

the financial markets

13

8

the financial services

13

9

the financial times

12

10

the financial working

12

11

the financial year

12

12

notes to consolidated

11

13

to consolidated financial

11

14

for the financial

9

15

the financial and

8

16

and the financial

7

17

internal financial control

7

18

the end of

7

19

to the financial

7

20

and control systems

6

21

financial and other

6

22

financial planning and

6

23

financial services industry

6

24

in the uk

6

25

of notes to

6

26

of the company

6

27

planning and control

6

28

selected financial data

6

29

term financial performance

6

30

the consolidated financial

6

31

and financial services

5

32

by the financial

5

33

chief financial officer

5

34

end of the

5

35

financial control systems

5

36

financial services authority

5

37

financial statements and

5

38

financial times newspaper

5

39

legal and financial

5

40

one of the

5

41

that financial year

5

42

the financial control

5

43

the financial position

5

44

uk financial markets

5

45

accompanying notes to

4

46

and consolidated financial

4

47

and financial institutions

4

48

and other information

4

49

as a financial

4

50

at the end

4

51

data and consolidated

4

52

financial control style

4

53

financial data and

4

54

financial position of

4

55

of internal financial

4

56

of the group

4

57

on the financial

4

58

results of operations

4

59

see accompanying notes

4

60

system of internal

4

61

the financial controller

4

62

the financial crisis

4

63

the financial sector

4

64

the uk financial

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

 

e) Colligation

 

Only 1 sense given in COBUILD (relating to or involving money)

100% of sample

Patterns: Adjective: usually adjective-noun

 

Other patterns:

 

i) As can be seen from the number of semantic prosodic groups and the number of associates, the word financial attracts a great number of other words and groups of words to itself. Many compound nouns were not included in the prosody section above but are mentioned here to show the variety of terms found:

 

financial service/s:                     55 instances - 7.05% of sample

financial statements                   52 instances - 6.66% of sample

financial control/s:                     35 instances - 4.48% of sample

financial performance:   21 instances - 2.69% of sample

financial news:               19 instances - 2.4% of sample

 

 

 

Examples given here of  financial performance:

 

 

 

 

ii) noun phrases including ‘and’

46 instances - 5.89% of sample

capital expenditure and financial investment, property and financial markets, budget and financial plan, commercial and financial activities

 

iii) financial + noun at sentence end position:

111 instances - 14.23% of sample

 

 

iv) financial + noun at clause end position in sentence:

111 instances - 14.23% of sample

 

 

v) Together, these make 222 instances - 28.46% of sample.

 

vi) financial + negative noun

59 instances - 7.56% of sample

A somewhat surprising aspect of this word is the frequency with which it co-occurs with unpleasant things:

financial meltdown, financial difficulties, financial mess

 

f) Associates

 

N

WORD

NO. OF FILES

AS %

1

FINANCIAL

33

100.00

2

BUSINESS

13

39.39

3

COMPANY

12

36.36

4

GROUP

10

30.30

5

MARKETS

9

27.27

6

OF

9

27.27

7

CASH

8

24.24

8

SHARE

8

24.24

9

WILL

8

24.24

10

MANAGEMENT

8

24.24

11

PROFIT

8

24.24

12

CORPORATE

7

21.21

13

YEAR

7

21.21

14

ACCOUNTING

7

21.21

15

COMPANIES

7

21.21

16

ASSETS

6

18.18

17

NET

6

18.18

18

BANK

6

18.18

19

MARKET

6

18.18

20

ITS

6

18.18

21

SHARES

6

18.18

22

TAX

6

18.18

23

TERM

6

18.18

24

OUR

6

18.18

25

ACTIVITIES

6

18.18

26

THE

6

18.18

27

EXECUTIVE

6

18.18

28

BANKS

6

18.18

29

AIRLINES

5

15.15

30

REPORTING

5

15.15

31

SALES

5

15.15

32

PER

5

15.15

33

PLAN

5

15.15

34

DATA

5

15.15

35

STRATEGIC

5

15.15

36

SYSTEMS

5

15.15

37

COMPANY'S

5

15.15

38

CUSTOMERS

5

15.15

39

BUSINESSES

5

15.15

40

CAPITAL

5

15.15

41

FOR

5

15.15

42

BASIS

5

15.15

43

MARKETING

5

15.15

44

INVESTMENT

5

15.15

45

INVESTMENTS

5

15.15

46

GROWTH

5

15.15

47

ANNUAL

5

15.15

48

OPERATING

5

15.15

49

OR

5

15.15

50

MAY

5

15.15

51

EARNINGS

5

15.15

52

DIRECTORS

5

15.15