HIGH

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘high’ was the one hundred and forty-third most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

143

HIGH

968

0.09

1,012

0.05

178.5

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: Three interrelated groups identified. All are concerned with the nature of the high, and most of the qualifiers refer to extremes (e.g. 50 instances - 75.75% of the how high prosodic group), e.g. extremely, very, all-time (extremes belongs to the how high group and is separated by the broken line).

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 669 & %

example

how high

66 - 9.86%

relatively high

extremes

50 - 7.47%

a ten-year high

extremely high

a record high

nature of the high

(negative)

17 - 2.54%

chronically high

excessively high

too high

murderously high

nature of the high

(positive)

16 - 2.39 %

unfailingly high

consistently high

 

Right: Five groups identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 669 & %

example

money

76 - 11.36%

high interest rates

high costs

high savings

high yield

amount

22 - 3.28%

high volume

high proportion of businesses

movement

29 - 4.33%

high speed

high growth

technology

35 - 5.23%

high-tech

high technology

quality

62 - 9.26%

high quality

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

is a high

12

2

a high degree

10

3

high degree of

10

4

high level of

10

5

the high street

10

6

a very high

9

7

a high level

8

8

container high molecular

8

9

high interest rates

8

10

high molecular polyethylene

8

11

molecular polyethylene of

8

12

of high density

8

13

polyethylene of high

8

14

in high quality

7

15

a high profile

6

16

for easy operation

6

17

graphics for easy

6

18

high of #

6

19

high quality graphics

6

20

high seas trading

6

21

menus in high

6

22

on the high

6

23

quality graphics for

6

24

screen menus in

6

25

the high-yield

6

26

twelve o'clock high

6

27

a high quality

5

28

have a high

5

29

high levels of

5

30

in a high

5

31

to a new

5

32

a high percentage

4

33

a new high

4

34

and high quality

4

35

as high as

4

36

as well as

4

37

at a high

4

38

high dear firstname

4

39

high of #p

4

40

high quality products

4

41

high-tech companies

4

42

high-yield group

4

43

in the high

4

44

inner container high

4

45

it's a high

4

46

of high quality

4

47

smooth blow moulded

4

48

this is a

4

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

e) Colligation

 

Used overwhelmingly as an adjective/adverb, but 26 instances (3.88% of sample) of use as a noun.

 

COBUILD Sense 2 (measure from bottom to top)

15 instances - 2.42% of sample

Patterns: Amount-adjective, noun-adjective

2250 mm high

 

COBUILD Sense 4 (great in amount, degree or intensity)

421 instances - 62.92% of sample

Patterns: Graded adjective

staff turnover was very high, that brought interest rates as high as 15 per cent

 

COBUILD Sense 6 (noun - a high)

26 instances - 3.88% of sample

Patterns: Count noun - often noun-of-amount

all-time record high, hit a near-ten-year high, a new high of 394p

COBUILD Sense 7 (high priority)

6 instances - 0.89% of sample

Patterns: Graded adjective - often adjective-on-noun

a high priority is placed on technical training

 

COBUILD Sense 8 (high in a profession or society)

3 instances - 0.44% of sample

Patterns: Graded adjective: verb link-adjective-in -noun

never rose very high in the ranks of local government

this is a high level role with a direct report to the IT Director

 

COBUILD Sense 9 (something advanced or complex)

Patterns: Adjective, adjective-noun

35 instances - 5.23% of sample

two men invest in high-tech equipment

 

COBUILD Sense 12 (high quality-very good indeed)

Patterns: Graded adjective

77 instances - 11.5% of sample

you are receiving a consistently high standard

 

COBUILD Sense 17 (high on drink or drugs)

Patterns: Adjective, verb link-adjective, usually adjective-on-noun

1 instance - 0.14% of sample

we were high on adrenaline

 

Other COBUILD Entries:

 

high-flyer/-ing:   9 instances - 1.34% of sample, plus one example of high flying                                    aircraft

high life:                        1 instance - 0.14% of sample

high performance:         14 instances - 2.09% of sample

high school:                   10 instances - 1.49% of sample

high seas:                      13 instances - 1.94% of sample

high street:                    23 instances - 3.43% of sample

high tech/technology:  35 instances - 5.23% of sample

 

Other patterns:

 

i) verb-ing + high + noun/noun phrase:

14 instances - 2.09% of sample

maintaining a high, achieving high quality, creating high-wage jobs

 

ii) Very high tendency to form part of two-word post-modified compound adjectives:

high-cost, high-flyer, high flying, high-growth, high-level, high-performance, high-priority, high-profile, high quality, high-speed.

 

 

 

iii) Some statistics:

Twelve o’clock high: 6 instances - 0.89% of sample

(the film)

High Wycombe:            9 instances - 1.34% of sample

high volume:                  7 instances - 1.04% of sample

high-yield:                     16 instances - 2.39% of sample

high quality:                   62 instances - 9.26% of sample

high-level:                     31 instances - 4.63% of sample

high profile:                   22 instances - 3.28% of sample

 

f) Associates

 

The word ‘high’ was key in 8 files. The only associate > =5 was ‘high’ itself.