IMPROVE

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘improve’ was the three hundred and seventieth most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

370

IMPROVE

250

0.02

215

0.01

73.8

0.000000

 

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: One small group of adverbs can be noted - see also colligation section below.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 132 & %

example

nature of improvement

8 - 6.06%

continuously improve

hugely improve

dramatically improve

incrementally improve

significantly improve

steadily improve

 

Right: No major groups detected here, but many of the collocates were concerned with business, efficiency, money and products.

 

 

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

to improve the

23

2

need to improve

4

3

to improve its

4

4

to improve performance

4

5

want to improve

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

 

e) Colligation

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (something gets better)

Patterns: Verb (erg)/verb/verb-noun

125 instances - 94.69% of sample

improve business, improve liquidity, improve numbers, improve performance, improve quality

 

COBUILD Sense 2 (a skill you have improves or you get better at something)

5 instances - 3.78% of sample

Patterns: Verb (erg), verb-noun

improve my knowledge, improve the creativity of their thinking, improve your reporting accuracy

 

COBUILD Sense 4 (improve on a previous achievement)

Patterns: Verb-on-noun

2 instances - 1.51% of sample

little scope to improve on budgeted tonnage, improve on the 12 week availability

 

Other patterns:

 

i) verb + to + improve/verb + noun + to + improve

44 instances - 33.33% of sample

seeking to improve, taking actions to improve

ii) noun + to + improve

22 instances - 16.66% of sample

potential to improve, little scope to improve, business acumen to improve

 

iii) adverb + improve (as in semantic prosody section above)

8 instances -  6.06% of sample

continuously improve, hugely improve, dramatically improve, incrementally improve

significantly improve, steadily improve

 

 

f) Associates

 

The word ‘improve’ was key in 3 files. No associates of frequency > =5 were found.