INTERNATIONAL

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘international’ was the thirty-ninth most key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

39

INTERNATIONAL

606

0.06

269

0.01

443.7

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: One small group identified. Of these, there was only 1 example of negative connotation - weak international markets. All the rest were very positive.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 607 & %

example

size/significance

17 - 2.8%

big international companies

major international charity

leading international business program

well-known international figure

 

Right: Four groups identified. Again, this sample is skewed by the fact that companies include the word ‘international’ in their names, which are then repeated many times in the sample, e.g. Rockwell International, Nomura International, International Books. Thus, like ‘global’ it is a popular part of a company name.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 607 & %

example

business activities

57 - 9.39%

international competition

international buying

companies/institutions

211 - 34.76%

international company

International Monetary Fund

people/groups of people

30 - 4.94%

international auditor

international delegates

business

72 - 11.86%

international business

 

 

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

a member of

61

2

a division of

58

3

division of companyname

57

4

member of companyname

57

5

of companyname international

57

6

of companyname plc

36

7

of companyname holdings

21

8

in international business

18

9

of the international

17

10

personname a member

15

11

firstname a member

14

12

international trade department

12

13

personname international trade

11

14

this international standard

11

15

credits international business

10

16

international monetary fund

10

17

the international monetary

9

18

in the international

8

19

head of international

7

20

international trade executive

7

21

the international trade

7

22

and international business

6

23

and the international

6

24

by the international

6

25

domestic and international

6

26

international trade and

6

27

of this international

6

28

the international business

6

29

at the international

5

30

finance # credits

5

31

international business finance

5

32

member of the

5

33

national and international

5

34

a lot of

4

35

a major international

4

36

according to international

4

37

accredited chamber chief

4

38

an international business

4

39

business finance #

4

40

business law #

4

41

chamber of commerce

4

42

commerce  industry

4

43

credits international marketing

4

44

executive accredited chamber

4

45

industry international trade

4

46

international accounting standards

4

47

international business #

4

48

international business and

4

49

international business program

4

50

international business programs

4

51

international management #

4

52

law # credits

4

53

management # credits

4

54

marketing # credits

4

55

of commerce

4

56

of international business

4

57

requirements of this

4

58

the head of

4

59

the international markets

4

60

the requirements of

4

61

trade executive accredited

4

62

undergraduate international business

4

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

 

e) Colligation

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (between or involving different countries)

100% of sample

Patterns: Adjective: usually adjective-noun

international markets, international trading, international travel

 

Other patterns:

 

i) noun (group) + of + international + noun (group)

21 instances - 3.45% of sample

 

 

ii) verb (group) + noun (group) + of + international + noun (group)

10 instances - 1.64% of sample

 

 

iii) Tendency to form post-modified business-related noun groups, for example, international accounting, international business, international division, international financial institutions, International Monetary Fund, international trade

 

f) Associates

 

N

WORD

NO. OF FILES

AS %

1

INTERNATIONAL

20

100.00

2

MANAGEMENT

7

35.00

3

BUSINESS

7

35.00

4

SYSTEMS

6

30.00

5

GLOBAL

6

30.00

6

SERVICES

5

25.00

7

MARKET

5

25.00