LOCAL

 

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘local’ was the nine-hundred and eleventh most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

911

LOCAL

401

0.04

553

0.03

24.7

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: No main groups identified

 

 

Right: Four groups identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 399 & %

example

institutions/companies

142 - 35.58%

local authorities

local government

local carriers

people/groups of people

53 - 13.28%

local accountant

local customer

local people

products/services

19 - 4.76%

local area network (LAN)

local brands

local product

market

17 - 4.26%

local residential market

local telephone market

 

 

 

c) Three-word clusters

N

cluster

Freq.

1

of the local

11

2

in the local

10

3

the local business

7

4

the local telephone

7

5

to the local

7

6

into the local

6

7

the local authorities

6

8

the local authority

6

9

a local authority

5

10

in local government

5

11

a local customer

4

12

are not a

4

13

as well as

4

14

if you are

4

15

local telephone market

4

16

not a local

4

17

with the local

4

18

you are not

4

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

e) Colligation

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (belonging to the area where you live or are talking about)

338 instances - 84.71% of sample

Patterns: Adjective, adjective-noun

I think local advertising is probably the best

We advertise in the local press

 

COBUILD Sense 2 (local government)

61 instances - 15.28% of sample

Patterns: Adjective: usually adjective-noun

in partnership with local authorities

financial constraints that local government is operating under

Other patterns:

 

i) in + local + noun (often plural):

13 instances - 3.35% of sample

 

 

ii) noun phrases: noun + and + local:

8 instances - 2% of sample

state and local taxes, expatriate and local management

 

f) Associates

 

N

WORD

NO. OF FILES

AS %

1

LOCAL

9

100.00

2

MARKET

6

66.67

 

 

Comments

 

1. The words collocating with ‘local’ included a high number of non-business words such as government, authorities, university. Thus, whilst it has, similar to the two previous words global and international, a large group concerned with institutions and companies, in the case of  ‘local’, the occurrences are much more related to non-business institutions.