MANAGE

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘manage’ was the one hundred and forty-fourth most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

Freq.

bec.lst %

Freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

144

MANAGE

377

0.04

246

0.01

177.9

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left:

 No clear groups detected.

 

Right:

One large group detected, again unsurprisingly. What is notable, however, is that those items that are ‘managed’ are related to either business or business people:

manage your account, manage cash flows, manage and develop a team ...

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 82 & %

example

business-related entities

(what is managed)

57 - 69.51%

manage cash flow

manage a small team

manage this facility

 

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

to manage a

4

2

to manage the

4

3

able to manage

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

e) Colligation

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (running a business)

45 instances - 54.87% of sample.

Patterns: Verb/verb-noun

 

 

COBUILD Sense 2 (managing resources carefully)

11 instances - 13.41% of sample

Patterns: Verb/verb-noun

manage a substantial IT budget,  manage cash flows

 

COBUILD Sense 3 (to manage to do something)

12 instances - 14.63% of sample.

Patterns: Verb to-inf/verb-noun

 

COBUILD Sense 4 (to cope with a difficult situation - I can manage)

14 instances - 17.07% of sample

Patterns: Verb

... make alliances more difficult to manage than acquisitions

we certainly don’t want six if we can manage with four

 

Other patterns:

 

i) A possible link between COBUILD Senses 3 & 4 and use of modality

7 instances - 28% of Senses 3 & 4 sample

OK, he can manage that, whenever you can manage that

 

f) Associates

 

The word ‘manage’ was key in only 1 file. No associates were found of frequency

> =5.