MARKET

 

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘market’ was the third most significant key word in the BEC corpus. 

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

3

MARKET

2,336

0.23

831

0.04

2,056.2

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: Four groups were identified here, though the fourth group has been split into positive and negative attributes of the ‘market’. There are also a substantial number of other collocations that do not form an identifiable group, but do revolve around a business theme, for example,  niche market, mass market, free market, labour market, competitive market.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 1,396 & %

example

market of what

(products/services)

244 - 17.47%

the airline market

the newspaper print  market

the car market

where the market is

(places)

89 - 6.37%

the European market

the French market

the Malaysian market

macro-level demarcation

52 - 3.72%

the home market

the global market

the domestic market

attributes: positive

 

53 - 3.79%

a good market

a strong market

a bull market

attributes: negative

19 - 1.36%

a bear market

a cut-throat market

 

Right: Three groups identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/  1,396 & %

example

a company’s position in relation to others/

the market

146 - 10.45%

market share

market position

market leadership

money/finance/economy

81 - 5.8%

market capitalisation

market illiquidity

market economies

macro-level demarcation

33 - 2.36%

market sector

market segment

 

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

in the market

44

2

the stock market

39

3

of the market

38

4

on the market

24

5

the market is

20

6

the market for

18

7

to the market

17

8

into the market

14

9

market leader in

13

10

the market in

13

11

the market leader

13

12

market capitalisation of

12

13

market share in

12

14

market information report

11

15

share of the

10

16

with a market

10

17

a market capitalisation

9

18

the labour market

9

19

the market place

9

20

the uk market

9

21

Budapest page #

8

22

on the stock

8

23

page # market

8

24

section Budapest page

8

25

the market and

8

26

in a market

7

27

in the uk

7

28

market in the

7

29

of market share

7

30

and the market

6

31

for Productname paper

6

32

in a very

6

33

market for Productname

6

34

market share by

6

35

percent of the

6

36

than the market

6

37

the market by

6

38

when the market

6

39

a bear market

5

40

as a whole

5

41

as the market

5

42

battle for market

5

43

but the market

5

44

by # per

5

45

competition for market

5

46

for market position

5

47

for market share

5

48

for the market

5

49

in the stock

5

50

increase market share

5

51

increasing market share

5

52

its market share

5

53

market for the

5

54

market has been

5

55

market position and

5

56

market share of

5

57

position in the

5

58

that the market

5

59

the market with

5

60

the single market

5

61

with the market

5

62

a competitive market

4

63

a market that

4

64

a new market

4

65

a single market

4

66

a stock market

4

67

after the market

4

68

and market share

4

69

are the market

4

70

in the European

4

71

is the market

4

72

its market position

4

73

losing market share

4

74

market and the

4

75

market as a

4

76

market for a

4

77

market in #

4

78

market in a

4

79

market in general

4

80

market is not

4

81

market share and

4

82

market-related measures

4

83

of its market

4

84

position and market

4

85

share in the

4

86

the bond market

4

87

the car market

4

88

the European market

4

89

the home market

4

90

the Hong Kong

4

91

the international market

4

92

the Japanese market

4

93

the market as

4

94

the market closed

4

95

the market has

4

96

the market price

4

97

the market share

4

98

the market that

4

99

the market was

4

100

the middle market

4

101

uk market for

4

102

where the market

4

103

with # of

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

 

e) Colligation

 

Used overwhelmingly as a noun:

 

Verb: 31 instances - 2.22% of sample

Noun: 1,338 instances - 95.84% of sample

Adjective: 27 instances - 1.93% of sample

 

COBUILD Sense 2 (the market for a commodity/product - where it is sold)

464 instances - 33.23% of sample

Patterns: Count noun: often noun-in/in-noun, noun-for

a good market for Storex product, the market for boxed brands, a spot market in electricity

but note also other (non-COBUILD) pattern: the-noun-noun

the access equipment market, the growing Asia-Pacific market

All examples of specific markets have been placed here including the phrase ‘market leader’.

 

COBUILD Sense 3 (total amount of product sold each year)

530 instances - 37.96% of sample

Patterns: Singular noun: the-market

Although Kodak is now at 66 percent of the market

the biggest players in the market

248 examples out of 530 referred to the market in this way (the-noun). Other examples found:

A market value on the order of $125 billion

Here, market is taken to be the market in general.

 

COBUILD Sense 4 (adjective)

27 instances - 1.93% of sample

Patterns: Adjective/adjective-noun

market economy, market price

 

COBUILD Sense 5 (verb)

31 instances - 2.22% of sample

Patterns: Adjective/adjective/noun:

How do we market what we do ?

 

COBUILD Sense 6 (job market, labour market)

19 instances - 1.36% of sample

Patterns: Singular noun

this could lead to a further tightening of the labour market

 

COBUILD Sense 7 (the market = the stock market)

153 instances - 10.95% of sample

Patterns: Singular noun: the-noun

the market closed at 19, 3/8ths down

four minutes before the market closed

a stock market crash

 

COBUILD Sense 10 (in + the + market - interested in buying something)

1 instance 0.07% of sample

Patterns: Verb link phrase

people are still in the market for that sort of thing

 

COBUILD Sense 11 (on + the + market - available for people to buy)

25 instances - 1.79% of sample

Patterns: Verb link phrase, phrase after verb

put your house on the market

 

COBUILD Sense 12 (out + of + the + market)

1 instance 0.07% of sample

Patterns: Verb inflection

that wouldn’t price it out of the market

 

Other COBUILD Definitions:

 

Market forces:

3 instances - 0.21% of sample

Patterns: Plural noun

competitive pressure and market forces

*Market place:

COBUILD Sense 1 (the activity of buying and selling)

13 instances - 0.93% of sample

Count noun: usually the-noun

The best fit we found in the market place

to compete in the market place

 

*Also found were 34 instances of marketplace as one word not included in this sample.

 

Market share/s: (proportion of total sales produced by one company)

88 instances - 6.3% of sample

Samsung boasts a world-leading 17% market share

 

Market research:

13 instances - 0.93% of sample

Patterns: Uncount noun

GM consoles itself with market research that shows ...

 

Other senses:

mass market:                12 instances - 0.85% of sample

up-market:                    4 instances - 0.28% of sample

down-market:               5 instances - 0.35% of sample

niche market:                6 instances - 0.42% of sample

black market:                1 instance 0.07% of sample

 

Other patterns:

 

i) Very strong tendency to be post-modified to form compound adjectives (e.g. market-driven) or noun phrases:

market-driven solutions, market-related measures, market-favorable economic news

 

 

ii) high number of compound nouns:

examples:

market leader:               21 instances - 1.5% of sample

market position:            14 instances - 1% of sample

 

Below we see examples of market leader. It has a typical pattern of

article + compound noun + in:

 

 

f) Associates

 

N

WORD

NO. OF FILES

AS %

1

MARKET

45

100.00

2

BUSINESS

18

40.00

3

COMPANIES

13

28.89

4

SHARE

12

26.67

5

COMPANY

10

22.22

6

SALES

10

22.22

7

MARKETS

10

22.22

8

BILLION

10

22.22

9

PER

9

20.00

10

CUSTOMERS

9

20.00

11

PRODUCTS

8

17.78

12

ITS

8

17.78

13

MANAGEMENT

7

15.56

14

IN

7

15.56

15

PERCENT

7

15.56

16

SHARES

7

15.56

17

MR

7

15.56

18

NEW

7

15.56

19

YEAR

7

15.56

20

CORPORATE

7

15.56

21

CUSTOMER

7

15.56

22

EARNINGS

7

15.56

23

CEO

6

13.33

24

FINANCIAL

6

13.33

25

PRICES

6

13.33

26

PRICE

6

13.33

27

PRODUCT

6

13.33

28

SIGNIFICANT

6

13.33

29

STOCK

6

13.33

30

GROWTH

6

13.33

31

LOCAL

6

13.33

32

SYSTEMS

5

11.11

33

REPORTING

5

11.11

34

CONSUMERS

5

11.11

35

TOTAL

5

11.11

36

STOCKS

5

11.11

37

AVERAGE

5

11.11

38

COMPANY'S

5

11.11

39

TRADING

5

11.11

40

INTERNET

5

11.11

41

GROUP

5

11.11

42

INDUSTRY

5

11.11

43

INTERNATIONAL

5

11.11

44

INCREASE

5

11.11

45

COST

5

11.11

46

OPPORTUNITIES

5

11.11

47

CORE

5

11.11

48

EXECUTIVE

5

11.11

49

MILLION

5

11.11