PACKAGE

 

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘package’ is the one hundred and seventh most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

107

PACKAGE

284

0.03

120

-

217.3

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: Four groups identified. In the finance category, several examples are concerned with problems: bail-out package, rescue package, austerity package

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 162 & %

example

size/value of package

14 - 8.64%

the $40 billion package

six figure package

a large package

finance

30 - 18.51%

remuneration package

rescue package

accounting package

positive

9 - 5.55%

competitive package

excellent package

effective package

computers

6 -3.7%

Microsoft Office  package

our standard office package remains Word Perfect

 

Right: No clear groups identified.

 

 

 

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

end reporting package

9

2

along with a

3

3

of the package

3

4

reporting package is

3

5

the package deal

3

6

would be a

3

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

 

e) Colligation

 

Used mostly as a noun.

1 instance of use as a verb (0.61% of sample)

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (a package/parcel)

22 instances - 13.58% of sample

Patterns: Count noun

there’s no sign of the package yet, please let us know as soon as you receive the package

 

COBUILD Sense 3 (a set of proposals to accepted or rejected)

92 instances - 56.79% of sample

Patterns: Count noun

QVC offers an exceptional package, IMF-brokered rescue package

 

COBUILD Sense 4 (to package)

1 instance 0.61% of sample

Patterns: Verb (usually passive)

May/June cartons required to re-package product

 

Also: package holiday (2 instances) and package deal (3 instances).

 

ADDITIONAL sense: (a collection of services a product/item can collectively offer its users, e.g. a desk top publishing package)

47 instances - 29.01% of sample

Patterns: Count noun

The Demo CD package, 3 dimension modelling and design package, an interesting and comprehensive tuition package

 

f) Associates

 

The word ‘package’ was key in 6 files. The only associate of frequency >5 was ‘package’ itself.

 

Comments

 

1. COBUILD Sense 3 defines ‘package’ as a set of proposals to be accepted or rejected as a group. There is no definition given in COBUILD to define a computer package, for example, which can be seen as a collection of services a product can collectively offer its users, e.g. a desk top publishing package. Thus a further definition has been added.

 

2. Useful verb-noun collocations for students:

 

offer a package

provide a package

putting a package together

collect the package

send the package

announcing a package

 

Students could match the phrases to the most likely sense, e.g. announce a package - matches to Sense 3, send the package matches to Sense 1.