PROVIDE

 

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘provide’ was the one hundred and second most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec lst %

bnc freq.

bnc lst %

Keyness

P

102

PROVIDE

910

0.09

850

0.04

224.4

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: No clear groups identified, but see colligation section below.

 

Right: Four clear groups. A very positive semantic prosody is denoted but there is some overlap in categories as, for example, services offered can also be positive.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 402 & %

example

business services

64 - 15.92%

provide a full level of service

provide a wide array of technical support

products

28 - 6.96%

provide a pressure gauge

provide acceptable product

 

information

22 - 5.47%

Wilf could not provide the information he required

positive

144 - 35.82%

provide a happy, stable and secure environment

provide first class operational service

 

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

to provide a

20

2

to provide the

19

3

provide you with

13

4

is to provide

10

5

property will provide

7

6

the property will

7

7

to provide for

7

8

will provide the

6

9

able to provide

5

10

in order to

5

11

order to provide

5

12

to provide you

5

13

we can provide

5

14

will provide a

5

15

can provide a

4

16

provide us with

4

17

should provide a

4

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

e) Colligation

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (supply)

388 instances - 96.61% of sample

Patterns: Verb-noun/ verb-with-noun.

provide a company pension, we provide a canteen, provide a wealth of performance information

 

Other COBUILD definitions:

 

Provide for:

14 instances - 3.48% of sample

Of the 14 instances 100% conformed to COBUILD Sense 2 (to provide for something that might happen or might need to be done, you make arrangements to deal with it)

provide for the security of the guests, provide for the training of all personnel

 

Other patterns:

 

i) modal/auxiliary + provide: This group expresses the likelihood/necessity/ability of providing.

100 instances - 24.87% of sample

which only the Euro can provide, that could provide a good opportunity, they will provide the benefits ...

 

ii) verb + noun + to + provide / verb + to provide

97 instances - 24.12% of sample

continue to provide, relying on them to provide, we are striving to provide

 

iii) noun + to + provide

26 instances - 6.46% of sample

The ability to provide, FM specialists to provide consultancy services

 

 

f) Associates

 

The word ‘provide’ was key in 6 files. The only associate found of frequency > =5 was the word ‘provide’ itself.

 

Comments

 

1. A clear result of analysis of this word is the strong positive connotations it promotes. It is post-modified by a large number of positive adjectives, for example,

excellent, first class, accurate interesting, effective, cheaper, exceptional, high quality, important, optimal, superior.