RECEIVE

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘receive’ was the ninety-fifth most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

95

RECEIVE

534

0.05

369

0.02

231.7

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: Two groups identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 161 & %

example

people/companies/

institutions

(who will receive)

81 - 50.31%

companies receive

executives receive

I  will be delighted to receive

people

(who will not receive)

16 - 9.93%

I did not receive a reply

rebels did not receive the support

 

Right: One group identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 161 & %

example

money/stocks&shares

52 - 32.29%

receive a special interim dividend

receive bonuses

receive cash directly

 

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

to receive the

12

2

to receive a

8

3

entitled to receive

6

4

to receive cash

6

5

will receive a

6

6

did not receive

5

7

cost to receive

4

8

receive a complimentary

4

9

receive each page

4

10

to receive each

4

11

will not receive

4

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

e) Colligation

 

i) COBUILD Sense 1 (get) 161 instances - 100% of sample.

Patterns: Verb/Noun

receive a reply, receive a penny, receive funding

 

The same two patterns noted with the word ‘sell’ are again in evidence with ‘receive’:

 

ii) verb + to + receive : 29 instances -  18.01% of sample (more personal verbs)

prefer to receive, expected to receive, entitled to receive

 

iii) verb(group) + and + receive : 7 instances - 4.34% of sample (more dynamic verbs)

restructure and receive, send and receive

 

 

f) Associates

 

The word ‘receive’ was key in 4 files. No associates of frequency > =5 were found.

 

 

 

 

 

3.4  CONFIRM

 

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘confirm’ was the two hundred and seventy-third most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

Freq.

bec.lst %

Freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

273

CONFIRM

199

0.2

119

-

105.

0.00000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

n = 91

 

No clear groups identified, but see colligation section below.

 

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

to confirm that

8

2

to confirm the

8

3

confirm that the

7

4

can you confirm

6

5

I can confirm

4

6

pleased to confirm

4