MANAGEMENT

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘management’ was the ninth most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

Bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

9

MANAGEMENT

973

0.10

279

0.01

989.7

0.000000

 

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: Five groups identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 980& %

example

level of management

59 - 6.02%

senior management

line management

higher-level management

type of management (ie of what)

337 - 34.38%

dispute management

project management

land management

type of management

(description of type)

48 - 4.89%

day-to-day management

international management

timebased management

company names

53 - 5.4%

ASDA’s management continues ...

can COMPAQ management ...

positive adjectives

23 - 2.34%

clever management

fresh management

sophisticated management

 

Right: Three groups identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/ 980& %

example

people

75 - 7.65%

management accountant

management guru

management representative

management characteristics

(positive values)

52- 5.3%

management experience

management expertise

management skills

management activities

28 - 2.85%

management meetings

management training

 

 

 

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

management of the

15

2

the management of

15

3

of the management

12

4

the management team

11

5

senior management team

8

6

member of the

7

7

the management accounts

7

8

total quality management

7

9

management # credits

6

10

member of group

6

11

of group management

6

12

responsible for the

6

13

the journal of

6

14

the management and

6

15

to the management

6

16

group management and

5

17

of management is

5

18

quality management and

5

19

the management board

5

20

the senior management

5

21

a management contract

4

22

a senior management

4

23

and the management

4

24

and timebased management

4

25

as well as

4

26

aspect of management

4

27

by group management

4

28

by walking about

4

29

group management approval

4

30

in the management

4

31

is responsible for

4

32

management and staff

4

33

management and the

4

34

management and timebased

4

35

management by walking

4

36

management information system

4

37

management limited #

4

38

management team and

4

39

mercury asset management

4

40

of the business

4

41

professor of management

4

42

strategic management system

4

43

the management contractor

4

44

the responsibility of

4

45

the supplier's management

4

46

to group management

4

47

with the management

4

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

 

e) Colligation

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (control and organising of a business/organisation)

708 instances - 72.24% of sample

Patterns: Uncount noun

But Japan has no more monopoly on management wisdom than the United States,

this style of management, we also provide Human Resource Management

 

COBUILD Sense 2 (people who control or organise a business/organisation)

272 instances - 27.75% of sample

Patterns: Variable collective noun

Delta’s going through a management shake-up right now

The business was subject to a management buy-out two years ago

 

Other patterns:

 

i) The word ‘management’ displays a strong tendency to form part of three-word noun phrases as seen above in the three-word clusters:

senior management team, total quality management

ii) In 29 instances (2.95% of the sample), the noun phrase involving ‘management’ is co-joined by ‘and’:

business and management, money and management, information and management, design and management

 

 

f) Associates

 

N

WORD

NO. OF FILES

AS %

1

MANAGEMENT

39

100.00

2

BUSINESS

19

48.72

3

COMPANY

11

28.21

4

SERVICES

8

20.51

5

FINANCIAL

8

20.51

6

CUSTOMER

8

20.51

7

SYSTEMS

8

20.51

8

MARKET

7

17.95

9

INTERNATIONAL

7

17.95

10

GROUP

7

17.95

11

OUR

7

17.95

12

CORPORATE

7

17.95

13

CORE

6

15.38

14

PROCESS

6

15.38

15

ORGANIZATIONAL

6

15.38

16

DEVELOPMENT

6

15.38

17

SHARE

6

15.38

18

EXECUTIVE

6

15.38

19

TEAM

5

12.82

20

STRATEGIC

5

12.82

21

PROJECT

5

12.82

22

PROFIT

5

12.82

23

REPORTING

5

12.82

24

SOLUTIONS

5

12.82

25

PROJECTS

5

12.82

26

YEAR

5

12.82

27

COMPANIES

5

12.82

28

COST

5

12.82

29

DATA

5

12.82

30

BUSINESSES

5

12.82

31

CASH

5

12.82

32

ACTIVITIES

5

12.82

33

OPERATIONS

5

12.82

34

ORGANISATION

5

12.82

35

PER

5

12.82

36

LEADERSHIP

5

12.82

37

ITS

5

12.82

38

MILLION

5

12.82