PARTNER

 

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘partner’ was the one hundred and forty-first most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

Bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

141

PARTNER

226

0.02

91

-

180.2

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: One main group discerned.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/115 & %

example

Type of partner (status/function/role)

29 - 25.21%

a joint-venture partner

managing partner

senior partner

recovery and insolvency partner

 

Right: No groups identified but see colligation section below.

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

profit per partner

4

2

a business partner

3

3

a partner in

3

4

ernst  young

3

5

partner with us

3

6

the partner countries

3

7

to partner with

3

8

we're willing to

3

9

willing to partner

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

e) Colligation

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (life partner- married to/sexual relationship)

1 instance 0.86% of sample

Patterns: Count noun often with noun

Your partner and any children should be prepared to see ...

 

COBUILD Sense 3 (the people who share ownership of a business = associates)

65 instances - 56.52% of sample

Patterns: Count noun

it’s a huge step, becoming a partner

 

COBUILD Sense 4 (another country or organisation that has an alliance or agreement)

43 instances - 37.39% of sample

Patterns: Count noun

P&O set to move venture partner

 

ADDITIONAL sense: similar to COBUILD Sense 5 (to partner someone in a dance or game).

There are 6 instances of ‘partner’ (5.21% of sample) used as a verb in the sense of ‘partner with another company for potential mutual benefit’.

The pattern found is:

verb + with + noun:

partner with us, we’re willing to partner with the administration

 

 

Other patterns:

 

i) In the sample, ‘partner’ is used predominantly as a noun:

 109 instances - 94.78% of sample

 

ii) In the BNC Sampler there is just one example in a total sample size of 49 words where it is used as a verb. Thus it could be said that there may be a slight tendency in Business English for ‘partner’ to be used more as a verb than in general English.

 

iii) When used as a verb, ‘partner’ collocates with the preposition with, e.g. we’re willing to partner with the administration ...

When used as a noun it collocates with at, for, in and of.

 

iv) ‘Partner’ shows a tendency to be used as part of three, four and five word noun phrases, e.g. average profit per partner, partnership funds employer per partner, capital per partner. These are obviously genre-specific and come from financial statements.

 

v) Prepositional usage: (shows where the person is a partner, with whom and for what purpose)

17 instances - 14.78% of sample         

a senior partner at the McKinsey firm

a marketing partner for the drug

a partner in PW

managing partner of Andersen consulting

 

vi) In the case of ‘partner’ we see a specific business usage of it. COBUILD gives the most common sense as that of life partner, whilst in this Business English sample we find that Sense 3 (partners in a business)  is the largest group and Sense 4 (partner organisations) the next largest. Additionally, a Business English meaning not found in COBUILD is noted, though very similar to COBUILD Sense 5. 

 

f) Associates

 

The word ‘partner’ was key in 5 files. The only associate of frequency  > =5 was ‘partner’ itself.