PAYMENT

 

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘payment’ was the eighty-second most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

bnc freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

82

PAYMENT

321

0.03

115

-

280.08

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left:

 

semantic prosody

frequency/197 & %

example

timing/scheduling of payment

20 -  10.15%

annual payment

April payment

final payment

type of payment

17 - 8.62%

credit card payment

cash payment

 

Right:

 

No clear groups but see the colligation section below for repeated prepositional usage.

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

payment in full

7

2

terms of payment

5

3

lump sum payment

4

4

of the price

4

5

payment in the

4

6

payment of any

4

7

payment of the

4

8

the payment of

4

9

the payment terms

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

e) Colligation

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (an amount of money paid to someone or the act of paying it)

105 instances - 53.29% of sample

Patterns: Count noun

a discount for annual payment, a cash payment,

 

COBUILD Sense 2 (act of paying money or of being paid)

89 instances - 45.17% of sample

Patterns: Uncount noun

payment terms, payment procedure

 

Other COBUILD definitions:

down payment: 3 instances - 1.52%

 

Other patterns:

 

Prepositional collocation is used notably with this word in the following ways:

 

i) payment + by (referring to date/person/company):

payment by credit card, payment by the 28th, payment by the Buyer

6 instances - 3.04% of sample

 

ii) payment + for (referring to product/service/money)

payment for the products, payment for our order

10 instances - 5.07% of sample

 

 

 

iii) payment + of (referring to money)

payment of accounts, payment of any duties, payment of indemnities

19 instances - 9.64% of sample

 

iv) payment + to (referring to people/company)

payment to our cash section at Leeds, payment to the Contractor

7 instances - 3.55% of sample

 

also:

 

v) A strong tendency to form part of pre- and post-modified two-word noun phrases :

57 instances -  28.93% of sample:

payment problems, payment procedures, payment terms, down payment

 

f) Associates

 

N

WORD

NO. OF FILES

AS %

1

PAYMENT

17

100.00

2

THE

7

41.18

3

OR

7

41.18

4

ANY

7

41.18

5

BY

7

41.18

6

INVOICE

6

35.29

7

SHALL

6

35.29

8

PRICE

5

29.41

9

WILL

5

29.41

10

GOODS

5

29.41

11

DELIVERY

5

29.41

12

CONTRACT

5

29.41

13

OF

5

29.41

14

NOTICE

5

29.41