SHAREHOLDER

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘shareholder’ was the sixty-eighth most significant key word in the BEC corpus.

 

N

Word

bec freq.

bec.lst %

Freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

68

SHAREHOLDER

286

0.03

73

-

311.1

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

The sample size was too small in this case to make any significant generalisations (63 occurrences). One group for each side of the node word was, however, discerned.

 

Left: One group identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/63 & %

example

size/significance

9 - 14.28%

main shareholder

major shareholder

 

Right: One group identified.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/63 & %

example

value/returns for shareholders

(value 15 instances)

(returns 13 instances)

28 - 44.44%

total shareholder return

improving shareholder value

 

c) Three-word clusters

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

total shareholder return

12

2

as total shareholder

3

3

for the shareholder

3

4

such as total

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution:

 

 

 

e) Colligation

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (a person who owns shares in a company)

100% of sample (only one sense given in COBUILD)

Patterns: Count noun

a 111-a-share offer from the controlling shareholder

 

Other patterns:

 

i) The word ‘shareholder’ seems to lend itself to being part of three and two word pre-and post-modified noun and verb phrases:

example noun phrases: total shareholder return, significant shareholder value, leading shareholder, minority shareholder

example verb phrases: increase shareholder value, create shareholder value, improving shareholder value

 

ii) The collocational patterns here mostly come from the Reports or Annual Reports section of the corpus. The report where it appears most is Report 16, a report concerned with financial management.

 

The next most favoured criterion, however, was total shareholder return (11%) - which does not feature at all, so far as ESOS are concerned, in the present survey.

 

f) Associates

 

The word ‘shareholder’ was key in 3 files. No associates of frequency > =5 were found.