SUPPLIER

 

a) Keyness

 

The lemma ‘supplier’ was the forty-seventh most significant key word in the BEC corpus:

 

N

Word

Freq.

bec.lst %

Freq.

bnc.lst %

Keyness

P

47

SUPPLIER

288

0.03

44

-

393.9

0.000000

 

b) Semantic Prosody

 

Left: Two small groups were identified from the sample, though they also overlapped in some cases, e.g. main engine supplier crossed both categories. Examples such as this in the whole analysis have been counted into both categories.

 

semantic prosody

frequency/180 & %

example

size or significance of supplier

24 - 13.33%

the world’s second largest supplier ...

the leading supplier ...

a significant supplier ...

type of supplier:

(nationality 3 instances)

(products 6 instances)

(nature of supplier 4 instances)

13 - 7.22%

the British supplier

the electrical equipment supplier

a third party supplier

 

 

Right: The sample is skewed by high frequency of the word ‘supplier’ in legal text/manuals, hence there is frequent use of modality (shall, have to) to indicate the duties of the supplier. Other small groups of collocates note what is supplied (of) and to whom/where (to).

 

semantic prosody

frequency/180 & %

example

what is supplied (of)

23 - 12.77%

supplier of business solutions

supplier of goods or materials

to whom/where goods are supplied (to)

5 - 2.77%

supplier to this segment

supplier obligations (shall, has to)

57 - 31.66%

the supplier shall check that ...

the supplier shall establish and maintain ...

 

 

 

 

 

 

c) Three-word clusters:

 

N

cluster

Freq.

1

the supplier shall

46

2

supplier shall establish

17

3

by the supplier

14

4

establish and maintain

13

5

shall establish and

13

6

and maintain procedures

10

7

leading supplier of

9

8

a leading supplier

6

9

the supplier has

5

 

 

 

d) Macro-generic distribution

 

 

 

e) Colligation

 

COBUILD Sense 1 (person, company or organisation that supplies goods or services)

100% of sample (only 1 sense given in COBUILD).

Patterns: Count noun/noun-noun/noun + of

an aerospace supplier, Nokia is a leading supplier of digital cellular networks

 

Other patterns:

 

i) Prepositional usage to denote what is supplied and to whom - of and to.

29 instances - 16.11% of sample

leading supplier of web browser software, sold by a third party supplier to a consumer

 

ii) One small but consistent pattern was noted around positive adjectives used to describe the supplier:

genitive/article + positive adjective + supplier + preposition + (product/company)

24 instances - 13.33% of sample

UK’s leading supplier of PC accountancy software

a leading supplier of naval radars

the biggest supplier to Twinnings

This corresponds to semantic prosody (left) category 1 above - size or significance of supplier - and clearly shows the link between form and meaning, collocation and colligation.

 

iii) Modals used to denote the obligations of the supplier to the purchaser of the goods/services:

54 instances - 30% of sample

The supplier shall not during the lifetime of this agreement ...

 

This shows strong genre-specific colligation between the word ‘supplier’ and modality to express obligation within the genre of contracts/agreements. Unfortunately, the high incidence from two macro-genre (contracts/agreements and manuals) skews the rest of the sample so that no further reliable generalisations can be made. For discussion on this see Chapter 9, Section 9.7.1 b) for a discussion on the difficulties of text placement into macro-genre.

 

 

 

f) Associates

 

The word ‘supplier’ was significant in 6 files. The only associate of frequency > =5 found was ‘supplier’ itself.