(c) Harry Lehto

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Dates: 27.5-31.5.1999 (no birding on 29.5)

Participant: Harry Lehto 
on 27.5 by Yann Kolbeinsson 
on 30.5 by the NOT OPC and  
on 31.5 by Vilppu Piirola  


Date Time Rain Temperature Visibility Wind Cloud cov Cloud type
27.5 17.00-01.00 showers +13 -> +3 C >50km 5m/s NW 0-4/8 Cu,Ac
28.5 10.00-17.30 +3 - +9 C 20-50km 5m/s SW 0->8/8 Ac,As
29.5 no birding rain +7 C 10-20km <4m/s 8/8 Ns,Nc
30.5 09.00-noon rain +5 -> +7 C <1-10km 5m/s SW 8/8 Nc,St
noon-22.30 +7 -> +3 C 20-50km 5 m/s NW 6/8 Ci,Ac
31.5 08.00-noon +8 ->+14 C >50km 5m/s NW 4/8 Ci,Ac
noon-22.30 +14 -> +7 C >50km 8m/s SW 8/8 Ac,Cu
1.6 07.00 rain + 5 C 10-20km 0m/s 8/8 Nc

Some related photographs can be found at


Th 27.5. I arrived at Keflavík international airport on May 27 at 15.40 and took a shuttle bus to Reykjavík. The fare for this connection is 700 ISK (about 9.30 euro). The shuttle takes you to the domestic Reykjavík airport, which is located a couple of km South of the city center. If you are booked in a multistar hotel, there is likely to be a connection from here to your hotel. Otherwise you may want to take a taxi.

I was delighted that Yann Kolbeinsson met me at the bus terminal. We embarked immediately on birding. First we went to downtown Reykjavík to check the two lakes called Tjörnin. They had a reasonably nice collection of ducks (Eider, Scaup, Tufted Duck, Whooper Swan etc) and a colony of Arctic Terns, which turned out to be a surprisingly abundant species at various locations in SW Iceland. Yann showed me next, from a distance, the Puffin colony at Akurey, North of the Reykjavík harbor. We then proceeded to the Seltjarnarnes peninsula, which extends northwest of the city. At the ponds by the gold course we had a Garganey, which is a rarity here, as well as Shovelers, Red-necked Phalaropes, a good variety of the more common shore birds as well as water birds, and a huge colony of Arctic Terns.

Our birding trip continued South-west of Reykjavík towards the Reykjanes peninsula in search of Gull roosts. We did not get to any large ones, but had a confiding Iceland Gull, and some Kittiwakes at the Grindavík harbor. We also saw a leucistic Purple Sandpiper. From there we continued to the Southwestern most point of Iceland, Valahnukar close to Reykjanestá. This site provides nice looks of Kittiwakes and a distant colony of Gannets at Eldey and as well as quite a few Fulmars. Further North at Hafnir we tried to find the last wintering(!) Harlequins that had still present a week ago, but we had no luck here. We then continued North on a new road between Keflavík town and the airport towards Garđur. At the North end of the village there are a couple of ponds on the right side. In the first one a long-staying American Black Duck was present. It apparently arrived there in 1993. Good numbers of shore bird were present at the tip of at Garđskagi. We also witnessed the Sun setting behind the Snćfellsjökull. It is the mountain from which Jules Verne starts his Journey towards the Center of the Earth, only to emerge from Etna, Sicily. As the sun set slowly we were able to bird for another two hours, first at Sandgerđi and then back in the Reykjavík area at the mouth of River Elliđaár. Sandgerđi had a nice gull roost, with several Iceland Gulls, and Glaucous Gulls as well as Lesser Black-backed Gulls, Greater Black-backed Gulls and Herring Gulls. River Elliđaár had a nice variety of shore birds: Oystercatcher, Redshank, Dunlin and Common Ringer Plover. We stopped birding at 1 AM.

Fr 28.5. I got up late, and had a "bird by walking" day, only because car rental is so horrendously expensive. My aim was to get to the Grótta lighthouse located at the NW tip of Seltjarnarnes. It is accessible at low tide only. I left Ísafold guesthouse at 10AM and walked by what must be the most sterile rubbish tip in the world.. There was no trash there! On arrival to the base of Grótta at noon, I got slightly upset because the tip was closed from May 1st to July. As it turns out this seems to be the case for any bird place that is sensitive to disturbance. Well, good for the birds! I ended up walking in the accessible areas of Seltjarnarnes peninsula and photographing Terns and shore birds until I had to leave at about 17.00.

Sa 29.5. Meeting.

Su 30.5. I rented a car in the morning, but as it turned out. It was better not to drive it today, should I decide to drive tomorrow over 200km! Our OPC host Einar took us to a nice ride around the SW parts of the country, partially to the same areas I had already visited, but also to new ones. First, we drove in rain and drizzle to the North end of lake Ţingvallavatn, where a historic place called Valhöll, the former parliament site of Iceland is located. It dates back to the 13th century. The rock formations are impressive there as in many other locations too. I was struck by the large numbers of Redwings singing in the dwarf birch, and by a pair of Harlequin ducks. Birding was quite minimal for the rest of the day, except for two occasions. We made a very short excursion to Hópsnes, just east of Grindavík. Lots of "standard" waders around. I felt like this could be a good place during migration. Einar took us also to Krýsuvíkurberg.. A nice size seabird colony beyond some small roads.. I was determined to return there.

In the evening I went to check some ponds at Hafnarfjörđur (a southern suburb of Reykjavík). Common snipe was displaying there, with only a few other birds around.

I also visited lake Ástjörn, or actually I viewed it from quite a distance, because this too was closed during breeding season. I saw some Slavonian (=Horned) Grebes, a Common Teal and to my surprise a Black-tailed Godwit among the more common bird species and a colony of Black-headed Gulls. Access to Ástjörn is from road 41. As you drive from Keflavík towards Reykjavík, some 14 km before Reykjavík you come across the intersection of roads 41 and 42 towards Krýsuvík. At about the same time you hit the first two-three storey buildings of Hafnarfjörđur on you left side. Continuing on 41 towards Reykjavík, the road climbs a hill. Just as you reach the top of the hill keep an eye for a clover leaf shaped figure on your right side denoting a site of interest. If you see a cemetery on you right side before some traffic lights you have gone slightly too far. Turn on the clover leaf marked dirt road and continue a couple of hundred meters to a Parking area. Park here. It is just outside the protected area and just close enough to view the lake with a telescope.

Mo 31.5. The day started sunny and turned out to be a very nice one. We took off at 8.00am. We headed East of Reykjavík towards the Southern end of lake Ţingvallavatn. The weather was very clear and we could see distant glaciers from Dyrafjöll. The Hagavík bay at the southern edge of Ţingvallavatn was beautiful. The lake itself was calm. You could hear Redshanks and Snipe displaying. Redwings and a Wren were also signing. There were a couple of small forests around the bay, and the air was filled with peace. Only a Gyrfalcon was missing. The area looked suitable for one though. We continued East towards the River Sog. Before getting there we bumped into a small lake, Villingavatn, located between road 360 and Ţingvallavatn. A nesting pair of a Common Loon was a nice surprise, as were three Black-tailed Godwits. The South-eastern corner of Ţingvallavatn looked quite barren. We continued East until we saw the dam at River Sog. We took the small track to the dam but found only some Redshanks. The bridge some 700 meters South of the dam was better. Between the bridge and the upper dam we saw a single male Barrow's Goldeneye. A week earlier there had been a good bunch of them here. Below the bridge there was a second dam. We crossed the river and turned right (South) on road 36. After about 2.5 km River Sog almost touches the road only at one location. We stopped here, and managed to get good looks at 1/1+5/1 Harlequins. They stayed quite often very close to the shore line of the river. After about 10 km the road goes again over the River Sog. Here again we obtained nice views of half a dozen of Harlequins. About a kilometer after this bridge we stopped at a parking place with a point of interest, which tells about the geology and the ice age of the area. We could also hear some odd sounds. They turned out to be a colony of Fulmars breeding on the cliffs of Ingólfsfjall, the mountain just west of the road. This site is about 15 km from the ocean as the Fulmar flies.

We continued south through Selfoss, where we saw the only common gulls of this trip, and then proceeded towards Eyrarbakki, which is located on the coast. The landscape from Selfoss to Eyrarbakki is flat, with loads of small lakes or ponds. We should have spent here much more time! On arrival to Eyrarbakki, we drove to the shore line. It was low tide with lots of seaweeds, a few Calidrids and a first summer Ring-billed Gull. The road West of Eyrarbakki seemed quite nice, but it was getting windy, so we did most of our birding only a very short distance from the car. Here again lots of good looking lakes and ponds, and reasonable numbers of birds. Would really be worth a full day. The same appears to be true for the delta of Ölfusá river (the main river that is formed when Sog joins Hvítá North of Selfoss). We stopped for a cup of coffee at Ţorlákshöfn in small video shop displaying 350 videos for rent. After checking the harbor for gulls, we continued west along the dirt road 42 heading towards Krýsuvík and Grindavík. Redshanks and Snipes were displaying along the road, Eiders were common in small lakes and Fulmars were breeding on almost every possible cliff by the road. Sceneries were quite nice.

After driving some 30 km, we came across an intersection almost in the middle of nowhere. One road (42) leads North towards Lake Kleifarvatn and Reykjavík. The other road (also 42) is the one we just drove on, leads East towards the Ölfusá river delta area. The third dirt road (427) leads West towards Krýsuvík and Grindavík. We took the third one. After about 1.2(+-0.2) km there is an insignificant footpath sign on the left showing Krýsuvíkurberg. (The 1:100 000 map shows this intersection incorrectly and much too conspicuously). This road is really for four wheel drives, but we managed to drive the 5km track with a small Micra. There is a small creek that you have to cross at about half away along the track, but we made it across with no problem. We had been here yesterday, so we knew what to expect. Actually it was better than what our first impression had been. All alcids (except Dovekie/Little Auk) were present in good numbers, as were Kittiwakes and Fulmars. Further out at the sea good numbers of Gannets, a few shearwaters were flying. I saw also a medium sized whale, which showed only its back fin. We spent a couple of hours here and got excellent views of all the breeding species. We then continued to the Grindavík harbor, which turned out to be quite empty. We called the day off and returned to Reykjavík at about 10.30 PM.

Tu 1.6. Departure from Keflavík airport at 7 AM.


Coordinates were read from the 1:100 000 map Suđvesturland (double checked on Oct 19, 2000).
Reykjavík area:
deg min Wdeg min N
Reykjavík Harbor 21 56.2 64 09.3 - good in winter time
Tjörnin Lakes 21 56.6 64 08.7 - ducks in down town Reykjavík
Seltjarnarnes 22 01.0 64 09.5 - bird lakes
Hafnarfjörđur 21 57 64 04
Ástjörn 21 57.5 64 03.0 - bird lake
Akurey 21 58.0 64 10.4 - puffin island (distant views)
Southwestern peninsula:
Keflavík airport 22 36 63 59
Garđur 22 39.0 64 04.0
Garđskagi 22 40.5 64 05.0
Sandgerđi 22 42.5 64 02.7
Hafnir 22 41.5 63 56.1
Hafnaberg 22 44 63 53 - apparently a good colony of seabirds
Reykjanestá 22 43 63 48.7
Eldey Island 22 55 63 45 - Gannet colony
Grindavík harbor 22 25.5 63 50.3
Kleifarvatn 22 00 63 55
Intersection to Krýsuvíkurberg 22 04.15 63 51.90
Krýsuvíkurberg 22 05 63 50 - nice colony of seabirds
Krýsuvík 22 04 63 52
Ţingvallvatn/River Sog area:
Valhöll 21 07.5 64 15.5 - Harlequin
Dyrafjöll 21 17 64 06.5
Hagavík 21 10 64 07.6
Villingavatn 21 05 64 06.5 - Good bird lake
Dam at Sog 21 00.7 64 05.7 - Barrow's Goldeneye
1st Bridge 21 00.5 64 05.3
Sog river 20 58.8 64 04.2 - Harlequin
2nd Bridge 20 58.5 64 00.6 - Harlequin
Selfoss 21 00.2 63 56.4
Eyrarbakki 21 09.0 63 51.5
Ölfusá delta (bridge) 21 12.5 63 52.7



All European guides cover Iceland. In autumn you may wish to carry an American field guide also. The only site guide I had was John Gooder's "Where to watch birds in Europe". It is quite superficial, and gives NO directions to exact sites what so ever. It was better than nothing though. Small accurate maps would be an extremely useful addition to Gooder's guide although one could figure out approximately most sites with the 1:100 000 map.


Keflavík to Reykjavík is 700 ISK. You can buy the ticket just outside the bus terminals both at the airport and in the city. The travel takes about 50 minutes. I didn't try other means of public transport (scheduled busses, ship or air) but they appear to be readily available.


Very expensive. My car was a Nissan Micra. The (good) deal from ATOK was 2700 ISK /day with 100 free km + 27ISK/per every extra km. ATOK didn't give unlimited mileage unless you rent for 5 days minimum. The price my travel agent quoted for AVIS AND HERTZ was about 140USD/day or 600 USD/4 days. Quite a shock to say the least. ATOK had free delivery within a reasonable distance, but a car to Keflavík (50km distance) instead of leaving it outside the guesthouse at Reykjavík would have been 2700 ISK extra! Practically one rental day and 300 km of driving is 8100ISK (+1200ISK insurance) makes 9300ISK /day = 125 euro/day = 135USD/day.. Makes you think..

Gasoline price about 75ISK/liter.


Good maps are available. Yann helped me to find them. We went to the shopping center "Kringlan" located in the eastern parts of Reykjavík, at the SE corner of intersection of Roads Miklabraut and Kringlumýrabraut. Up the stairs, on the first floor at the SE corner there is a book store called Eymundsson. Here you can find maps on various scales. I purchased a 1995 edition 1:100 000 scale map Suđvesturland from the Sérkort series for 790 ISK, as well as a map of whole Iceland at 1:500 000 1999 edition for 680 ISK. All of Iceland is mapped eg. on scales 1:250 000, 1: 100 000, 1:50 000, 1:25 000. The address appearing on the 1999 map, to which you can write for more information is: Landmćlingar Íslands, Stillholti 16-18, IS-300 Arkanes, Phone 430 9000, Fax 430 9090, email: web page
Note that there are no area codes in icelandic telephone or fax numbers.


Coverage on the GSM phone in the areas I birded was about 80%. (see www links below)


Language is Icelandic, which I found very difficult to pronounce because of lots of unique letters and pronouncing rules. It is quite different from other Scandinavian languages, although with a knowledge of Scandinavian you can guess the meaning of many Icelandic words.

In case your terminal or printer may not tuned to Icelandic, or because they may turn out to look something else on your terminal, I'll summarize the special letters. The two most unique letters are ţ, Ţ and đ, Đ. The first of the two letters looks like a mix between letters p and b, and is pronounced as "th" in the English word "thing". The second unique looks like a letter d with a crossbar. This is pronounced approximately as "th" in "this" or very crudely as a d. There is also a full legion of accented vowels which I show here because your screen or terminal may not reproduce them correctly: a á, e é, i í, o ó, u ú, y ý, (ae=) ć, (o with 2 dots=) ö.


Islandic kronur (100 ISK=1.33 EURO =1.5 USD)


For some nationalities visas are required, but for most countries a passport is all you need. Iceland is not currently a member of the European Union.


I stayed in a B&B (Ísafold guest house). It was of reasonable quality. Price was 4400ISK/night, quite in line with Icelandic prices.


I usually don't say a single word about price level, in the countries I bird, but I feel that here it is worth the money ;-) A "burger meal"- yes I know it is "junk food", but it can serve as a standard.. included a chicken burger, medium coke and small fries is 600 ISK. A 0.4liter (or 0.5liter) beer pitcher at a restaurant is 400 ISK, a two course meal in a restaurant is about 4500 ISK. 200grams of local chocolate in a small grocery store is 245 ISK.

Some people mention that Keflavík airport is cheap. In my opinion at least, sweets, sweaters and optics, were here too on the expensive side, but cheaper than elsewhere in Iceland. For example the same 200 gram chocolate mentioned above was here 160 ISK, My impression is that similar items can be found cheaper eg. in ordinary stores in the US, or in Estonia, or at Schiphol Airport (Amsterdam) or at Vantaa airport (Helsinki). One specialty of Keflavík is that you can buy stuff tax free at the airport on ENTRY to Iceland. This can be useful if you forgot your binoculars home! On your departure tax refund is easy to obtain for your purchases done in Iceland. One should also note that all the prices at Keflavík are shown in USD, but ISK are also accepted.

SOME USEFUL ADDRESSES - Iceland land survey. All the maps you ever need of Iceland. - links to Reykjavík including city maps and other Tourist info. - map of Reykjavík (map 8 shows the Kringlan shopping center - marked on the map with number 8, and map 6 shows the harbor and Tjörnin lakes, and map number 9 shows the delta of river Elliđaár). - information about Lake Mývatn research station - information about bird sightings. - GSM coverage map (by - click English, coverage for an alternative GSM operator)


to Morthen Guenter and Bill Smith for their previous trip reports and Urs Geiser for posting them. Many thanks also for Yann Kolbeinsson for showing me the bird sites in the field and on the map, and especially for birding with me. Special thanks to Einar Júlíusson for taking me to Krýsuvíkurberg and to Vilppu for sharing an excellent full birding day!


The first four numbers after each species indicate the totals of the four respective days during which I did some birding i.e. 27.5/28.5/30.5/31.5. Other details may follow on individual species.

1. RED-THROATED LOON Gavia stellata
1/-/-/1     Seawatching at Reykjanestá and Krýsuvíkurberg

2. COMMON LOON Gavia immer
-/-/-/1pair+2   Pair and a nest at Villingavatn, others from seawatching Krýsuvíkurberg

3. SLAVONIAN/HORNED GREBE Podiceps auritus
-/-/3/-   at Ástjörn only

4. FULMAR Flumarus glacialis
Common everywhere close to the ocean. Breeds on cliffs up to 15 km from the ocean. My first fulmar was seen from the plane as it was landing, maybe still some 500m above the ground.

5. GANNET Sula bassana
Huge breeding colony SW of Reykjanestá. Feeding birds can be seen all along the southern edge of the peninsula eg. at Krýsuvíkurberg.

6. MANX SHEARWATER Puffinus puffinus
-/-/-/8   seen in 2 flocks at seawatching from Krýsuvíkurberg.

XX. (CORMORANT Phalacrocorax carbo)
1 seen on 27.5 by Yann at Reykjanestá, just ignored by me at the time.

7. SHAG Phalacrocorax aristotelis
1/-/4/5   seawatching at Reykjanestá and Krýsuvíkurberg.

8. WHOOPER SWAN Cygnus cygnus
Found eg. in downtown Reykjavík, and Seltjarnarnes. Largest flock, 32 birds, a couple of km South of Selfoss.

9. GREYLAG GOOSE Anser anser
Common often in pairs or small flocks, also some escaped feral ones close to Reykjavík.

10. GADWALL Anas strepera
3/2/-/-   at Seltjarnarnes

11. MALLLARD Anas playtrhynchos
10/40/6/10  widespread

12. COMMON TEAL Anas c. crecca
-/-/1/-   single male at Ástjörn

13. AMERICAN BLACK DUCK Anas rubripes
1/-/-/-   single male at small ponds NW of Garđur

14. GARGANEY Anas querquedula
1/-/-/-   single male at Seltjarnarnes

15. SHOVELER Anas clypeata
2/-/-/-   single pair at Seltjarnarnes

16. WIGEON Anas penelope
-/1/-/4   Seltjarnarnes, and small lakes by the delta of Ölfusá on road 34

17. TUFTED DUCK Aythya fuligula
12/26/23/20   widespread

18. SCAUP Aythya marila
4/8/2/2   Seltjarnarnes, Ţingvallavatn, Villingavatn

19. BARROW'S GOLDENEYE Bucephala islandica
-/-/-/1   single male at North end of River Sog

20. HARLEQUIN DUCK Histrionicus histrionicus
-/-/2/14   one pair at Valhöll, north end of Ţingvallavatn, The rest at river Sog (1m1f,5m1f,4m1f,1m)

21. COMMON EIDER Somateria mollissima
300/200/150/400   widespread along coastal waters and in freshwater lakes up to 15 km inland.

22. OLDSQUAW/LONG-TAILED DUCK Clangula hyemalis
2/7/-/-   Seltjarnarnes only

23. RED-BREASTED MERGANSER Mergus serrator
10/10/8/20   widespread, mainly in pairs

-/-/2/-   one pair at Valhöll, north end of Ţingvallavatn

25. OYSTERCATCHER Haematopus ostralegus
100/20/35/6  widespread on coast

26. RINGER PLOVER Charadrius hiaticula
40/8/6/8   widespread on coast and inland

27. GOLDEN PLOVER Pluvialis apricaria
60/6/60/50  widespread

28. SANDERLING Calidris alba
300/6/-/10  coastal areas

29. RED KNOT Calidris canutus
500/35/-/-   coastal areas

30. DUNLIN Calidris alpina
20/30/-/20  coastal areas

31. PURPLE SANPIPER Calidris maritima
15/-/-/-   coastal areas

32. COMMON SNIPE Capella gallinago
2/7/15/30   mainly freshwater lakes and pools

33. BLACK-TAILED GODWIT Limosa limosa
-/-/1/7   One at Ástjörn, 3 at Villingavatn and 4 by the small lakes near Ölfusá delta area along road 34

34. WHIMBREL Numenius phaeopus
1/-/9/20   isolated individuals, drier habitat than snipe

35. CURLEW Numenius arquata
1/-/-/-  at Sandgerđi

36. REDSHANK Tringa totanus
100/8/18/25  widespread coastal and inland waters and grasslands

37. RUDDY TURNSTONE Arenaria interpres
150/10/10  coastal areas

6/6/1/-   Seltjarnarnes and Ástjörn

39. PARASITIC JAEGER/SKUA Stercorarius parasiticus
5/-/-/8   all were about 2-5km inland from the south coast from Reykjanestá to Eyrarbakki

40. GREAT SKUA Stercorarius skua
-/-/-/5   seen at seawatching from Krýsuvíkurberg

41. BLACK-HEADED GULL Larus ridibundus
300/20/400/100  common and widespread

42. COMMON GULL Larus canus
-/-/-/2   only at Selfoss, about 0.5km west of the bridge on the South side of the road

43. RING-BILLED GULL Larus delawarensis
-/-/-/1   seen at Eyrarbakki half an hour after the two common Gulls. This bird was in heavy moult and among other field marks had a bill pattern typical for a first summer RB Gull.

800/50/300/40   Common, found even far inland.

45. HERRING GULL Larus argentatus
150/6/-/5  Findable

30/2/-/3  Not that common, mainly 2nd and 3rd calendar year birds

47. GLAUCOUS GULL Larus hyporboreus
100/15/40/5   More common than Iceland, mostly subadults


48. ICELAND GULL Larus glaucoides
40/2/10/4  mostly subadults

49. BLACK-LEGGED KITTIWAKE Rissa tridactyla
300+/80+/10000+/15000   Good breeding colonies at Krýsuvíkurberg, and a smaller colony at Reykjanestá

50. ARCTIC TERN Sterna paradisaea
1500/500/150/800  Huge colonies eg. at Seltjarnarnes.

3 (+20sp)/3/30(+1500sp)/10000+  The largest numbers at Krýsuvíkurberg

Very nice views at Krýsuvíkurberg. Not all birds showed the white line at the base of the bill. The bill is quite striking, causing the head shape to be different from Guillemot's. In a Guillemot you can easily distinguish where the bill ends and the head starts. In a Brünnich's, the bill appears to be a continuation of the head, i.e. the angle between the forehead and the upper mandible is small.

53. RAZORBILL Alca torda
-/-/3/250+  at Krýsuvíkurberg

54. BLACK GUILLEMOT Cepphus grylle
8/-/-/4  at Reykjanestá and Krýsuvíkurberg

55. ATLANTIC PUFFIN Fratercula arctica
Huge colony seen at a distance from Reykjavík harbor, 10 birds seen at Reykjanestá and a good number (100) at Krýsuvíkurberg, where some of the birds passed me from a couple of meter's distance!

56. DOMESTIC PIGEON Columba livia
20/14/10/10   In the Reykjavík area, and Selfoss

57. MEADOW PIPIT Anthus pratensis
2/4/8/30   Widespread, mostly identified by call.

58. WHITE WAGTAIL Motacilla alba
-/1/6/15   Widespread, appeared to be more common inland.

59. (WINTER) WREN Troglodytes troglodytes
-/-/-/1   singing in a spruce/fir forest at the SW corner of Hagavík (Southern Ţingvallavatn)

60. WHEATEAR Oenanthe oenanthe
1/-/3/6   widespread, single birds. Usually just see a black and white flash of the tail.

61. REDWING Turdus iliacus
single individuals 1 on 27th and 2 on 29th during lunch break in Reykjavík. Good numbers all around Ţingvallavatn both in Dwarf birch and Spruce/Fir forests. Easy to find by song.

62. RAVEN Corvus corax
3/-/3/6   Single individuals or pairs.

63. STARLING Sturnus vulgaris
In Reykjavík area. The only passerine in Reykjavík -- it felt kind of strange to have no house sparrow, thrushes, or great tits/house finches in a city this large.

64. REDPOLL Carduelis flammea
-/-/1/-   A single bird flew over lake Ástjörn. Identified by call and by size.

Birds I did not see, but was kind of expecting: Lagopus mutus, Falco columbarius, F. rusticolus, Asio flammeus, Plectrophenax nivalis.

Compiled by Harry Lehto
Elotie 1 A 8
FI-20780 Kaarina, FINLAND
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